These days, more and more people are being diagnosed with type-2-diabetes. Whether it is on the increase due to a massive shift in our modern lifestyle or whether, nowadays, medical practitioners have much more advanced screening processes at their disposal, is a matter for debate.
Whatever the reason, if you have type-2-diabetes, it has to be treated. If diagnosed early enough many people need nothing more than a change in life-style (provided they don’t slip back into old habits).
By changing their diet to a healthier eating régime and increasing their activity levels, I have seen many people that were previously diagnosed with type-2, reverse the symptoms and effectively become diabetes free.
For those that are diagnosed late or have disregarded a significant life-style change — and find that the condition has progressed — there are a number of treatment options available, all of which involve taking prescribed medication.
As discussed on the Diabetes UK website there are several different ‘families’ (or types) of diabetes medication:
- Alpha glucosidase inhibitor
- Prandial glucose regulators
- Thiazolidinediones (glitazones)
- Incretin mimetics
- DPP-4 inhibitors (gliptins).
- SGLT2 inhibitors
The most popular medication for initially treating type-2 that doesn’t readily respond to prescribed life-style changes, appears to be Metformin which comes from the Biguanide family. Metformin works in two ways:
- It helps to stop the liver producing new glucose
- It helps to overcome insulin resistance by making insulin carry glucose into muscle cells more effectively.
Side Effects of Metformin
There are three common side-effects to taking Metformin: feeling sick, diarrhoea and abdominal pain. The symptoms don’t usually last long and not everyone will suffer all of these side effects. Some people don’t have any of the side-effects at all.
**Note** Your GP or diabetes clinical practitioner is generally the best person to decide which course of medication will be best for your condition. Therefore it is always best to be guided by what they tell you.